Oil Palm Industry Economic Journal Vol. 14 (1) September 2014 p. 8-15

Decomposition of Productivity Growth of the Malaysian Palm Oil Mill Sector

Norhidayu, A*; Azman Hassan; Ramli Abdullah; Azman, I and Nur Asmani Che Dir
Received:    Accepted:    Available Online:


This study investigates total factor productivity (TFP) growth in the Malaysian palm oil mill sector over the period 2005-2010, using a Stochastic Frontier Approach (SFA) model. TFP growth was decomposed into three components, namely, technical efficiency (TE), technical progress (TP) and scale components (SEC). The empirical results show that productivity growth was driven mainly by TE for all palm oil mills, followed by TP. However, a change in the scale components had a negative effect on productivity growth. Overall, the study suggests that there are opportunities to improve productivity growth in the Malaysian palm oil mill sector.

Keywords: Malaysian palm oil mill, total factor productivity, technical
progress, technical efficiency, scale components

About Post Author


* Malaysian Palm Oil Board,
6 Persiaran Industri, Bandar Baru Bangi,
43000 Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia.

E-mail: hidayu@mpob.gov.my

** Department of Economics,
Universiti Putra Malaysia,
43300 UPM Serdang, Selangor,