Oil Palm Industry Economic Journal Vol. 4 (2) September 2004 p. 1-13

Impacts of CPO-Export Tax on Several Aspects of Indonesian CPO Industry

Wayan R Susila
Received:    Accepted:    Available Online:


To control domestic supply and price of crude palm oil (CPO) and cooking oil, the government of Indonesia has imposed CPO-export tax since August 1994. As the CPO industry plays an important role in Indonesian economy, the imposition of the tax is expected to have substantial impacts on various aspects of the industry, such as on investment, production, trade, farm income and welfare distribution. The main objective of this study is to assess these impacts using an econometric model of the industry. The results of the study reveal that the export tax policy has inhibited the growth rate of investment, production, export and farm income. On the other hand, this policy has been an effective instrument to control domestic CPO and cooking oil price. Moreover, this policy has caused a substantial welfare transfer from producers to consumers and the government. To compromise these conflicting impacts, an alternative CPO tax formula is also proposed in this paper.

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